The gin production and consumption in England took off when King William banned all French imported liquors.
The government allowed unlicensed gin production & at the same time imposed a heavy tax on all other imported goods due to Catholic & Protestant battles. This created a market for poor-quality grain that was unfit for beer production and thousands of gin shops sprung up throughout England, a period commonly known as Gin Craze.
There are three types of Gin:
Compound Gin which is a macerated gin with no second distillation. A gin produced by steeping botanicals in ethyl alcohol only, without redistilling. Both natural and artificial flavouring may be used, with no restrictions on additives such as colours and sweeteners.
Distilled Gin which is re-distilled with botanicals after maceration. A gin which has been produced by steeping botanicals in ethyl alcohol and redistilling the resulting macerate.
London Dry which is the same as distilled Gin however less sweet. This is a variety of distilled gin made in a traditional still by re-distilling ethyl alcohol in the presence of all-natural flavourings used.
There are also five main styles of Gin: Genever, Plymouth, Old Tom, London dry and New Western.
Genever, also known as Jenever or Dutch Gin, Genever most closely resembles the style of gin produced in 17th century Holland and is distilled from malted grain mash similar to that used for whisky.
Plymouth Gin, unlike ‘London’ Dry Gin, refers to the location of production, as opposed to the style of gin. By law, Plymouth Gin must be produced within the city walls of Plymouth. Plymouth Gin has a strong naval heritage and has traditionally been popular with sailors.
Old Tom Gin refers to a style of slightly sweetened gins that were popular in 18th century England. In later years, the sugar syrup would occasionally be flavoured with orange flower water.
London Dry Gin was first created in the 19th century and has grown to become the most popular style of gin today. It should be noted that ‘London’ relates to the style of gin and not the geographical location of the distillery.
New Western or New Age Gin is the new wave of gins being released that focus less on the traditional juniper botanicals and more on unique or regionally-specific botanicals. Some US producers are attempting to have this recognized formally.
The Finsbury Distillery was founded in London by Joseph Bishop back in 1740. Today, as then, Finsbury is distilled using a unique mix of botanicals including juniper berries, exotic fruits, and a host of herbs and spices according to a complex method handed down from the 18th century. Truly, representative of the London Dry style preferred both internationally and in Great Britain, it is a particularly fine and restrained gin. Produced at the Langley Distillery near Birmingham, Finsbury draws on the pedigree of one of the oldest unbroken family involvements in gin distilling. Boasting a unique family recipe of esoteric botanicals with which this great London gin is created, Finsbury represents the accrued knowledge of 300 years’ experience.
The Botanist Gin is a progressive exploration of the botanical heritage of the Isle of Islay. 22 hand foraged local botanicals delicately combined with nine berries, barks, seeds, and peels during an achingly slow distillation.
For this, The Botanist use nine of the classic gin aromatics – Orris root, cassia bark, coriander seed, etc. – and augment these with a heady harvest of 22 local botanicals, hand-picked by expert foraging team from the windswept hills, peat bogs, and Atlantic shores of the Hebridean island of Islay. The result: a highly distinctive, complex, floral gin with an outstanding finish and impeccable provenance. In an age of re-badged industrial gins, the Botanist stands out as a truly artisanal, small-batch, hand-crafted labour of love and distiller’s art.
Martin Miller's Original Gin is a pot-distilled premium gin containing 10 botanicals, cucumber distillate & Icelandic Springwater. Two separate distillations are created & combined together to impart a unique balance of citrus and juniper, Martin Millers is 40% ABV.