Amaro (Italian for “bitter”) is an Italian herbal liqueur that is commonly consumed as an after-dinner digestif. It usually has a bitter-sweet flavour, sometimes syrupy, and has an alcohol content between 16% and 40% ABV.


The history of this botanical spirit is thought to go back to Roman times. By the 19th century, many variations of ‘Amari’ were being produced across Italy, using herbs and botanicals particular to a local area.

Widely taken as a medicinal beverage, it evolved later to be consumed commonly as a digestif after dinner.

It is mostly consumed neat, sometimes with a citrus wedge, on ice or with tonic water.



Amaro is typically produced by macerating herbs, roots, flowers, bark, and/or citrus peels in neutral spirits or wine alcohol.

Commercial bottlers trace their recipe or production to the 19th century. Recipes often originated in monasteries or pharmacies. Amaro is typically consumed neat, sometimes with a citrus wedge, on ice or with tonic water. Amaro is made by soaking herbs and botanicals in a hydro-alcoholic solution in order to macerate. Commonly, the base picked is a neutral spirit with an abv that is between 45% and 65% abv.

Most Amari are not aged, however, there is an exception, Amaro Nonino is aged for 5 years in oak barrels.

Common herbs and botanicals used are Gentian, Angelica, Wormwood, Liquorice, citrus peel, cardamom, thyme, juniper, anise, rhubarb, and cinchona.


Light Amaro is generally lighter in colour with more citrus notes. Examples include Amaro Nonino, Amaro Florio, Amaro del Capo, Amaricano Bianca.

Medium Amaro has sharper bitterness than other amari. Examples include Fernet Hunter, Fernet-Branca, Fernet Stock, Luxardo Fernet, Amaro Santa Maria Al Monte.

Alpine Amaro gets its flavour from Alpine herbs. Sometimes these Amari also have a smokey taste. Examples include Amaro Alpino, Amaro Zara, Amaro Braulio.

Vermouth unlike other amaros, is usually made from grain-based alcohol, vermouth amaro is wine-based. It is sweeter with more citrus notes. It closely resembles the aperitif vermouth. Examples are Amero, Amaro Don Bairo, Amaro Diesus del Frate.

Rabarbaro is made with Chinese rhubarb. The oldest and most popular brand is Zucca, based in Milan




Whilst many similar liqueurs are traditionally been produced throughout Europe, the term amaro is applied only to Italian products of this kind.

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